287(g) ICE Fact Sheet
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287(g) Fast Facts (updated 2-20-2009 - copied from the ICE.gov website):

  • The Fact Sheet from ICE in PDF format - Click here.
The ICE 287(g) Program: A Law Enforcement Partnership

U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE), the largest investigative agency in the Department of Homeland Security, is responsible for enforcing federal immigration laws as part of its homeland security mission. ICE works closely with federal, state and local law enforcement partners in this mission.

The 287(g) program, one of ICE’s top partnership initiatives, allows a state and local law enforcement entity to enter into a partnership with ICE, under a joint Memorandum of Agreement (MOA), in order to receive delegated authority for immigration enforcement within their jurisdictions. The 287(g) program has emerged as one of the agency’s most successful and popular partnership initiatives as more state and local leaders have come to understand how a shared approach to immigration enforcement can benefit their communities.

ICE ACCESS: A Partnership Approach

The 287(g) program is one component of the ICE ACCESS (Agreements of Cooperation in Communities to Enhance Safety and Security) program, which provides local law enforcement agencies an opportunity to team with ICE to combat specific challenges in their communities.

The 287(g) program is only one component under the ICE ACCESS umbrella of services and programs offered for assistance to local law enforcement officers.

ICE developed the ACCESS program in response to the widespread interest from local law enforcement agencies who have requested ICE assistance through the 287(g) program, which trains local officers to enforce immigration law as authorized through section 287(g) of the Immigration and Nationality Act.

Terrorism and criminal activity are most effectively combated through a multi-agency/multi-authority approach that encompasses federal, state and local resources, skills and expertise. State and local law enforcement play a critical role in protecting our homeland because they are often the first responders on the scene when there is an incident or attack against the United States. During the course of daily duties, they will often encounter foreign-born criminals and immigration violators who pose a threat to national security or public safety.

History of 287(g)

The Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996 added Section 287(g), performance of immigration officer functions by state officers and employees, to the Immigration and Nationality Act. This authorizes the secretary of DHS to enter into agreements with state and local law 2 enforcement agencies, permitting designated officers to perform immigration law enforcement functions, provided that the local law enforcement officers receive appropriate training and function under the supervision of ICE officers.

The cross-designation between ICE and state and local patrol officers, detectives, investigators and correctional officers allows these local and state officers necessary resources and latitude to pursue investigations relating to violent crimes, human smuggling, gang/organized crime activity, sexual-related offenses, narcotics smuggling and money laundering. In addition, participating entities are eligible for increased resources and support in more remote geographical locations.

Memorandum of Agreement

The MOA defines the scope and limitations of the authority to be designated. It also establishes the supervisory structure for the officers working under the cross-designation and prescribes the agreed upon complaint process governing officer conduct during the life of the MOA. Under the statute, ICE will supervise all cross-designated officers when they exercise their immigration authorities. The agreement must be signed by the ICE Assistant Secretary, and the governor, a senior political entity, or the head of the local agency before trained local officers are authorized to enforce immigration law.

Officer Selection Requirements

Participating officers in the 287(g) program must meet the following requirements:
  • U.S. citizenship
  • Current background investigation completed
  • Minimum two years experience in current position
  • No disciplinary actions pending

Training Requirements

ICE offers a four-week training program now held at the Federal Law Enforcement Training Center (FLETC) ICE Academy (ICEA) in Charleston, SC conducted by certified instructors.

287(g) Results and Participating Entities

Since January 2006, the 287(g) program is credited with identifying more than 79,000 individuals, mostly in jails, who are suspected of being in the country illegally. More than 950 officers have been trained andcertified through the program under 67 active MOAs, as follows:

Agencies with signed MOAs:

287(g) Results and Participating Entities

State MOA Name Type Signed
AL AL State Police TFO 09/10/2003
AL Etowah County Sheriff's Office JEO 07/08/2008
AR Benton County Sheriff's Office JEO/TFO 09/26/2007
AR City of Springdale Police Department TFO 09/26/2007
AR Rogers Police Department TFO 09/25/2007
AR Washington County Sheriff's Office AR JEO/TFO 09/26/2007
AZ AZ Department of Corrections JEO 09/16/2005
AZ AZ Department of Public Safety TFO 04/15/2007
AZ City of Phoenix Police Department TFO 03/10/2008
AZ Maricopa County Sheriff's Office JEO/TFO 02/07/2007
AZ Pima County Sheriff's Office JEO/TFO 03/10/2008
AZ Pinal County Sheriff's Office JEO/TFO 03/10/2008
AZ Yavapai County Sheriff's Office JEO/TFO 03/10/2008
CA Los Angeles County Sheriff's Office JEO 02/01/2005
CA Orange County Sheriff's Office JEO 11/02/2006
CA Riverside County Sheriff's Office JEO 04/28/2006
CA San Bernardino County Sheriff's Office JEO 10/19/2005
CO CO Department of Public Safety TFO 03/29/2007
CO El Paso County Sheriff's Office JEO 05/17/2007
FL Bay County Sheriff's Office TFO 06/15/2008
FL Brevard County Sheriff's Office JEO 08/13/2008
FL Collier County Sheriff's Office JEO/TFO 08/06/2007
FL Department of Law Enforcement TFO 07/02/2002
FL Jacksonville Sheriff's Office JEO 07/08/2008
FL Manatee County Sheriff's Office JEO 07/08/2008
GA Cobb County Sheriff's Office JEO 02/13/2007
GA GA Department of Public Safety TFO 07/27/2007
GA Hall County Sheriff's Office JEO/TFO 02/29/2008
GA Whitfield County Sheriff's Office JEO 02/04/2008
MA Barnstable County Sheriff's Office JEO 08/25/2007
MA Framingham Police Department TFO 08/14/2007
MA MA Department of Corrections JEO 03/26/2007
MD Frederick County Sheriff's Office JEO/TFO 02/06/2008
MN MN Department of Public Safety TFO 09/22/2008
MO MO State Highway Patrol TFO 06/25/2008
NC Alamance County Sheriff's Office JEO 01/10/2007
NC Cabarrus County Sheriff's Office JEO 08/02/2007
NC Cumberland County Sheriff's Office JEO 06/25/2008
NC Durham Police Department TFO 02/01/2008
NC Gaston County Sheriff's Office JEO 02/22/2007
NC Henderson County Sheriff's Office JEO 06/25/2008
NC Mecklenburg County Sheriff's Office JEO 02/27/2006
NC Wake County Sheriff's Office JEO 06/25/2008
NH Hudson City Police Department TFO 05/05/2007
NJ Hudson County Department of Corrections JEO 08/11/2008
NM NM Department of Corrections JEO 09/17/2007
NV Las Vegas Metropolitan Police Department JEO 09/08/2008
OH Butler County Sheriff’s Office JEO/TFO 02/05/2008
OK Tulsa County Sheriff's Office JEO/TFO 08/06/2007
SC Beaufort County Sheriff's Office TFO 06/25/2008
SC York County Sheriff's Office JEO 10/16/2007
TN Davidson County Sheriff's Office JEO 02/21/2007
TN TN Department of Safety TFO 06/25/2008
TX Carrollton Police Department JEO 08/12/2008
TX Farmers Branch Police Dept. TFO 07/08/2008
TX Harris County Sheriff's Office JEO 07/20/2008
UT Washington County Sheriff’s Office JEO 09/22/2008
UT Weber County Sheriff’s Office JEO 09/22/2008
VA City of Manassas Police Department TFO 03/05/2008
VA Herndon Police Department TFO 03/21/2007
VA Loudoun County Sheriff's Office TFO 06/25/2008
VA Manassas Park Police Department TFO 03/10/2008
VA Prince William County Police Department TFO 02/26/2008
VA Prince William County Sheriff's Office TFO 02/26/2008
VA Prince William-Manassas Adult Detention Center JEO 07/09/2007
VA Rockingham County Sheriff’s Office JEO/TFO 04/25/2007
VA Shenandoah County Sheriff’s Office TFO 05/10/2007

JEO = Jail Enforcement Officers
TFO = Task Force Officers

U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) was established in March 2003 as the largest investigative arm of the Department of Homeland Security. ICE is comprised of five integrated divisions that form a 21st century law enforcement agency with broad responsibilities for a number of key homeland security priorities.

  Last Modified: Friday, February 20, 2009 (copied from the ICE.gov website)

Contact Information
     For more information on Section 287(g) of the Immigration and Nationality Act, please visit the ICE FAQ page or you may request an information packet via the Section 287g form.

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